A study in the UK explored the reasons for and ways of responding to patient aggression in dementia care units. Researchers from the University of Central Lancashire interviewed nursing staff and relatives in four care homes in the North West of England and found that:
Both staff and family members' views on aggression fall into two categories, causation and management.
The causes of patient aggression fall into three categories: internal, external, and interpersonal factors.
Staff embrace a person-centered approach to aggression management as opposed to medication or restraint.
Family members are happy with staff using person-centered, non-coercive interventions.
This study is one of very few in the UK, and the researchers note that more studies of staff and family member perceptions of aggression in persons with dementia are needed.
Read an abstract of the study
, which was published in the Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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