Management of Actual or Potential Aggression (MAPA®)
CPI's Management of Actual or Potential Aggression (MAPA®
) curriculum began in 1996, and has continued to develop its philosophy and range of physical interventions, which include a suite of disengagement techniques designed to enhance personal safety.
The origins of the MAPA®
model were in health care, social care, and special education. Those involved in its creation and continuous development and delivery are from professional, sector-based backgrounds.
Physical Interventions are suitable for staff who work directly with people across the age spectrum who present behaviour that limits inclusion and/or that is considered to be risky or harmful to the person or others. MAPA®
Physical Interventions are independently risk assessed and accredited by the British Institute of Learning Disabilities (BILD).
The MAPA® Philosophy
With our training, we enable staff to safely disengage from situations that present risks to themselves, the service user, or others. Participants learn to safely and effectively use a range of holding interventions that are appropriate to the circumstances when a person expresses themselves through challenging, aggressive, or violent behaviour, and to make defensible choices regarding the use of disengaging from and/or holding a person.
Upon completion of the programme, other benefits include the abilities to:
Establish emotional contact and bonding between staff and the service user through the use of verbal and physical interaction.
Allow the expression of anger, frustration, anxiety, and emotional turmoil in a safe and controlled environment.
Enable staff to explore issues of threat and confrontation with the service user.
Enable service users to recognise their feelings and to learn to express themselves in meaningful and constructive ways.
Help service users identify and adopt alternative coping strategies.
Help service users and staff alike develop more meaningful and trusting relationships.