War is horrifying. It impacts the physical and psychological health of countless individuals and societies directly and indirectly before, during, and after the conflict. It also damages worldwide relationships and impedes economic and cultural development.
Personal violence is equally horrifying. It is similarly devastating. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations (UN) recently reported that homicide and acts of personal violence kill more people than wars and are the third-leading cause of death among men ages 15 to 44.

A report in The New York Times indicates that these figures are based on detailed data collection from 133 countries that together account for 88% of the global population.

The report is a collaboration of WHO, the UN Development Program, and the UN Office on Drugs and Crime. It is intended to provide a baseline for assessing efforts to address domestic violence, including child maltreatment; youth, intimate partner, and sexual violence; elder abuse; and homicides.

The World Health Organization defines violence as “the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, and deprivation.” 

Violence frequently has lifelong consequences for victims’ physical and mental health and social functioning.

CPI’s Prepare Training® program focuses on a broad definition and approach to prevent, respond to, and follow up on workplace violence. Our position is supported by the International Labour Organization (ILO), which acknowledges a similar broad definition that includes many forms of physical and psychological violence.

These kinds of problems really occur along a behavioral continuum.

CPI’s Workplace Violence Continuum includes behaviors ranging from discourtesy and disrespect to intimidation, harassment/bullying, retaliation, verbal assault, and physical aggression. The behaviors along the continuum can be observed, understood, and influenced. Each category of behavior in our continuum often occurs along with one or more of the other behaviors. Each can also lead to the other, and each can stand distinct from the others as serious workplace issues.

In my opinion, war is the expression of accumulated acts of intimidation, harassment/bullying, retaliation, verbal assault, and physical aggression.

Knowledge and skill in preventing and responding to such violent acts contributes to world peace.